American Civil War was one of the earliest true industrial wars. Railroads, the telegraph, steamships, and  mass-produced weapons were employed extensively. The practices of total war, developed by Sherman in Georgia, and of trench warfare around Petersburg foreshadowed World War I in Europe. It remains the deadliest war in American history, resulting in the deaths of 620,000 soldiers and an undetermined number of civilian casualties. Ten percent of all Northern males 20–45 years of age died, as did 30 percent of all Southern white males aged 18–40.




The "A chicken could not live on that field when we open on it."

Porter Alexander, commander of Longstreet's artillery battalion, 

at Fredericksburg, Virginia, December, 1862

Yankee line at New Market, Virginia.... 

 Painting of a fence post at New Market, Va..

Little Round Top, Gettysburg, Pa.

Antietam Battlefield.  The Ditch...  

Cold Harbor...Virginia... 

Fort Macon, NC and my son Rob. 

Antietam grave yard... 

The Corn fields at Antietam... 

Little Round Top, Gettysburg, Pa.  The 20th Maine. 

Civil War Museum, Harrisburg, Pa. 

Burnside Bridge, Antietam... 

High water mark, Gettysburg, Pa. 

Fort Macon, NC 

Virginia Monument, Gettysburg... 

Fort Macon Mess Hall... 

Meade's Headquarters, Gettysburg...